Unesco World Heritage in Emilia Romagna
The World Heritage sites belong to all the world's populations, besides that of the territory in which they are located. They represent the inheritance of a past from which we now reap many benefits that we pass on to future generations. The Emilia Romagna region is home to three sites, which for their value and diversity have been placed among the international cultural and natural excellences of the world. We are referring to the Cities of Art of Modena, Ravenna, and Ferrara along with its Po Delta.
An imperial Byzantine stronghold in Italy, Ravenna experienced a period of splendor and wealth until the 8th century. It is characterized by eight religious monuments of late antiquity, a fusion of the artistic influences from the Orient with Christian iconography, with splendid internal gold mosaics. This heritage also represents proof of the relationships and religious and cultural exchanges during an important historical period of European culture.
Modena was a bustling Roman city on which, at the fall of the Empire, the Church and the noble family Canossa had a strong influence. Between the 10th and 11th centuries, many buildings were erected around the Piazza Grande, all of which have remained almost completely intact since then.
Those buildings are the Cathedral, designed by Lanfranco and decorated by Wiligelmo and a perfect example of the Romanesque movement in Italy, the Civic Tower and the Piazza Grande, the main square, which represent an eminent example of complex architecture from the 12th century which reflects the culture of the times in which the religious and civic values were united in a medieval Christian city.
Under the lordship of the Estensi, Ferrara in the 15th century became a well-known Renaissance cultural center and very quickly became the representation of the ideal city, thanks to artists such as Biagio Rossetti, Piero della Francesca and Andrea Mantegna.
Designed in a unique way, this Renaissance city’s urban structure has remained virtually intact and represents one of the most important urban planning examples in all of Europe. The UNESCO recognition has been extended to the area of the Po Delta and to the “Delizie”, or “Delights”, which refers to the antique residences of the Este family, one of the high points of the Renaissance culture set in the natural landscape of this area.