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Home Apennines and Nature Natural parks Historic Regional Park of Monte Sole

Historic Regional Park of Monte Sole

The Historic Regional Park of Monte Sole covers an area of about 6,300 hectares stretching over the Municipalities of Marzabotto, Monzuno and Grizzana Morandi. Mount Sole and its park are part of a small chain of mountains in the province of Bologna between the Reno River and the Setta stream; these mountains reach a height of 826 meters above sea level.


Place of Memory

The Park is of interest not only for its natural beauties and rich wildlife but also for its historical importance related to the tragic events that took place in the area of Mount Sole between September 29 and October 5, 1944. Here, in fact, hundreds of innocent people together with part of the Brigata Partigiana Stella Rossa were slain by Nazi soldiers; one of the most tragic pages of the Liberation War and of Italy’s history was unfortunately written right here, in the valleys and peaceful hills of these areas. The German soldiers massacred 770 harmless people, mostly women and children, believed to have helped the partisans in this area.

Thanks to a regional law, the Historic Regional Park of Monte Sole was created precisely where these atrocities were committed; this is the first park in Italy instituted in this way, with the aim of reminding future generations of those dramatic events, so that reflection on what has happened here and will continue and that life can be brought back to the many places affected by this horrible conflict. The “Il memoriale” itinerary inside the park includes the symbolic places of the massacre, passing also by Il Poggiolo Visitor Centre and going up to the top of Mount Sole. Here visitors will find a stone in memory of the partisans that died in these valleys during the Liberation War.


Fauna and flora

The Park offers much more than just a journey back in Italy’s history: in fact more than 936 floral species have been identified here. Considering that the regional flora includes about 2700 species, about 1/3 of Emilia Romagna's floral diversity is present in the Historic Park of Monte Sole.

The fauna of the park is also very diverse due to the wide range of environments typical of the hills and foothills of the Apennines: from the riverbeds of the Reno and Setta to the deciduous woods with hornbeams and Turkey oaks, through a complex mosaic of pastures, fields, bushes, and woods both natural and man made, gullies and cliffs.  The protected area is a surprising treasure chest of biodiversity, with the presence of rare species of great conservationist value both regionally and throughout Europe and the rich wild fauna is a testament to the integrity of and strength of this environment.


This park combines sweeping views and intensely beautiful nature with historic value, the moving ruins of a church, past events written in the stones of a wall, told by ancient communities, tales of life, war and its aftermath.


Parco Regionale Storico di Monte Sole


Via Porrettana Nord, 4/f

40043 Marzabotto (BO)
Tel. +39 051 932525 - Fax +39 051 6780056


Visitor Centre

Centro Visita "Il Poggiolo"
Via San Martino, 25
Locality San Martino - 40043 Marzabotto (BO)
Tel. and fax +39 051 6787100




Ente Parchi


How to get here

From the Bologna-Florence highway, exiting at: Sasso Marconi. Go towards Sasso Marconi, after about 2 km at the roundabout near the town, take the second exit following the signs for "Parco Storico di Monte Sole”. Continue on the SS 64 called the "Porrettana", which runs along the riverbed valley of the Reno River, to reach Marzabotto (where there is the Memorial). To reach the Visitor's Center of the Park, continue on past Marzabotto until Pian di Venola, then turn left following the signs for S.Martino - Parco Storico di Monte Sole.


Access to the Park from Marzabotto through Sperticano - Poggiolo di San Martino, is by way of a bridge going over the Reno River, which can sustain a maximum weight of 15 tons. It is therefore necessary to use vehicles that do not surpass this weight when fully loaded up, or, as another option, tour buses may cross the bridge empty while the passengers get out and cross it on foot.

Last modified Jun 28, 2019

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